The Climate of Switzerland. The main Swiss cities are located on a plateau called Mittelland ("Central Plateau"), which lies at an altitude of about 400/600 meters (1,300/2,000 feet). Each climate zone also contains a climate map of China, showing distinctly the spatial distribution of the climate zone concerned. Zone 8a. Switzerland's climate is heavily influenced by oceans: a cooling sea breeze from the north, milder but humid currents from the west and the warmth from the south. Precipitation: 3.46". Interactive maps for temperature, rain conditions, precipitation forecast, wind, clouds and pressure. In addition to their prominent role as a climate barrier between north and south, the Alps also generate several different climate regions. Switzerland is a landlocked country bordered by Italy to the south, France to the west, Germany to the north, and Austria and Liechtenstein to the east. The most complete travel guide - Switzerland on OrangeSmile.com The table below displays average monthly climate indicators in LUGANO based on 8 years of historical weather readings. Switzerland's climate is heavily influenced by the Alps as well as by the Atlantic Ocean. In the Valais, the average precipitation is between 500 and 600 mm per year, depending on the particular area, while in the Engadine it is between 600 and 700 mm per year. Austria and Lichtenstein are in the east, Italy lies in the south, France in the west, and Germany in the north. Average temperature, rainfall and snowfall information is available for the following climate stations in Switzerland. In the west, there is a strong influence of the Atlantic ocean. The climate of Switzerland is temperate but it varies with altitude. + -. Also the parts south of the Alps get quite some rain, Lugano (TI) for example receives about 175 cm per year. Bise is a cool, dry east and north-east wind. LUGANO. In summer, this has a cooling effect, and in winter a warming effect, and most areas enjoy an adequate amount of precipitation throughout the year. The climate is moderate with no excessive heat, cold or humidity. It is highly recommended to visitors to pack a sweater, good walking shoes, sunscreen, sunglasses, a compact umbrella and/or a light rain coat. It's the pace that is causing, and will cause, many problems around the globe. switzerland is located within a temperate climatic zone. Low Temp: 29 °F. The table below displays average monthly climate indicators in ZURICH based on 8 years of historical weather readings. All original material copyright © 2020 climate-zone.com. Annual course series for temperature-sunshine-precipitation. If the winds blow in clouds from the south, they get blocked at the Alps and drop their water. Depending on the altitude the temperature range may vary. Temperature by: Fahrenheit / Centigrade BERN 46 91 N, 7 50 E, 1656 feet (505 meters) above sea level. One of these is that of the inner Alpine valleys, which have a distinct climate of their own as they are shielded from precipitation from both the north and the south. In the east, there is an almost continental climate, with lower temperatures and less precipitation. That goes for Switzerland as well. From the approach through to funding and choice of instruments, different federal agencies promote their own programmes in a largely uncoordinated manner and with partly interchanged responsibilities. Averages are for Geneve-Cointrin, which is 3 miles from Geneva. Switzerland’s climate policy is arbitrary and inconsistent as pertains to its aims and impacts beyond the country’s frontiers. Location: Central Europe, east of France, north of Italy. The map shows the current weather and temperature. Geographic coordinates: 47 00 N, 8 00 E. Comparative Area: Selecting plants suited to your climate will be a key step to success. It is a federal republic composed of 26 cantons, with federal authorities based in Bern. Fog is a very common occurrence in the cold months of the year. Strong, persistent Bise wind can mean that the high fog does not disappear for several days or even weeks. in the Reuss and Rhine valleys. Switzerland … The south side of the Alps is strongly affected by the Mediterranean Sea, and so winters there are mild and the summers warm and humid, and sometimes hot. Switzerland has for centuries been a neutral state, which means that it cannot take part in armed conflict unless it is attacked. Dew Point: 42 °F. Most of the country has cold and rainy to snowy winters and cool to warm and sometimes humid summers. Switzerland. It's not climate change itself which is a problem, as the climate is always changing. High fog is often found in conjunction with the wind known as Bise. In the west and northwest the influence of the temperate Atlantic climate is felt more strongly, in the east the influence of the continental climate. temperate, but varies with altitude; cold, cloudy, rainy/snowy winters; cool to warm, cloudy, humid summers with occasional showers, Central Europe, east of France, north of Italy, slightly less than twice the size of New Jersey, mostly mountains (Alps in south, Jura in northwest) with a central plateau of rolling hills, plains, and large lakes. MeteoSwiss press releases and information. Winds bring a lot of moisture into Switzerland and cause rainfall. Around double the amount falls in summer compared to in winter. In contrast, the northern Alpine foothills, the Alps and southern Switzerland, annual precipitation volumes of around 2000 mm are the norm. Its forces can only be used for self-defence and internal security. Climate data and weather averages in Geneva. Starting at an altitude of 1200-1500 m above sea level, precipitation during winter predominantly falls as snow, such that the area is often covered by a solid layer of snow for weeks, and even months at higher altitudes. The geographical location determines what kinds of weather are predominant, while the topography gives rise to regional differences and special climatic conditions within Switzerland. Average values from these so-called normals periods are also known as climate normals. -9.4°C to -6.7°C. The cooling of the air then causes local condensation. More rigorously, it denotes the mean and variability of meteorological variables over a time spanning from months to millions of years. Precipitation is generally higher in the western part of Switzerland where often clouds come in from the Atlantic coast. Averages are for Bern / Belp, which is 3 miles from Bern. Besides Foehn and fog, the climate of Switzerland has numerous other peculiarities that occur more or less regularly - from snowfalls in spring to the cloud-covered start of July to the Indian summer in autumn. Climate can be defined as the totality of typical weather processes in a region over a given period of time. Foehn wind is a special feature of Swiss climate. To enable us to describe the climate, we use average values, taken from many years' worth of measurements, of various meteorological parameters such as temperature, precipitation and hours of sunshine. Climate change Switzerland Air temperature changes until now. Climate measurement series of ground-level temperatures in Switzerland date back to the mid-19th century. BERN. Depending on the altitude the temperature range may vary. Last modified 11.01.2018, Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology MeteoSwiss, Federal Department of Foreign Affairs FDFA, Federal Department of Justice and Police FDJP, Federal Department of Defence, Civil Protection and Sport, Federal Department of Economic Affairs, Education and Research EAER, Federal Department of the Environment, Transport, Energy and Communications DETEC, Federal Food Safety and Veterinary Office FSVO, Analyse der Nutzerbedürfnisse zu nationalen Klimaszenarien, Wetterrückblick: August mit Hitzewelle und massiven Regenfällen, Wetterrückblick: Extrem milder und sonniger Januar, Wetterrückblick: Warmer und recht sonniger Sommer, Weather. Annual Weather Averages Near Geneva. The Swiss climate is moderately continental in the plateau, Alpine in the mountains, and more temperate in the Canton of Ticino. On prevailing currents from westerly and northwesterly directions, mild, humid sea air ends up in Switzerland. Some of the meteorological variables that are commonly measured are temperature, humidity, atmospheric pressure, wind, and precipitation. The climate is moderate with no excessive heat, cold or humidity. Time Zone News. The mean annual temperature has increased by 1.6°C between 1864 and 2008 with respect to … In spring and autumn, the daytime temperature range is 8 to 15 °C (46° - 59° F). Pressure: 30.04 "Hg. There are upsides too, like the possibility of better growing crops in temperate climate zones, but the disadvantages and risks are far greater. Switzerland has a temperate climate in the populated areas, but mountain peaks in the alps are buried under eternal ice and snow. Consequently, the maps supply important climate-related information that is recognizable at a glance for all regions of Switzerland. Sunshine, lightning and cloudbursts, On the relationship between fog and low stratus and weather types over the Swiss Plateau, Zirkumglobalstrahlungsmessungen mit Bellani Kugelpyranometer, „Nebelloch Mittelland“ oder „das Mittelland als Badewanne“, Globalstrahlungsmessung im ANETZ – Update der Bearbeitung bis zum SMN-Übergang, Warnungen vor Unwettern – ein wertvoller Beitrag zum Schutz der Bevölkerung, Representing the Urban Heat Island Effect in Future Climates, International Conference on Alpine Meteorology, Bund finanziert nächste Generation Hochleistungsrechner für Wettermodelle, COSMO-E: Ensemble-Vorhersagesystem für den Alpenraum, The new weather forecasting model for the Alpine region, Das Wetterradarnetz der Schweiz ist vollständig, Neues System für den meteorologischen Notfallschutz, Starker Sturm auf der Alpennordseite und in den Alpen hält bis Dienstagmittag an, Optimierung der Warnung und Alarmierung vor Naturgefahren bei MeteoSchweiz, MeteoSchweiz und das CSCS gewinnen den Swiss ICT Award, Hot days, frost days and other climate indicators, The National Centre for Climate Services (NCCS), Swiss National Basic Climatological Network, Implementation of the Federal Council’s OGD Strategy. Switzerland - Switzerland - Climate: Four major European climates affect Switzerland. Mean Temp: 50 °F. MeteoSwiss is involved in projects with other meteorological services, national and international organisations, universities and research institutes. All along the Alpine ridge there are frequent thunderstorms in the summer. 9/15/2020 – End of DST in Europe 2020; 2/19/2020 – DST Starts in Europe Sunday, March 29, 2020; 12/18/2019 – End of DST in Europe 2019; 12/18/2019 – European Union Ready to Scrap DST; 12/18/2019 – EU Committee Votes to Scrap DST; More Information. It rarely gets really warm here and you can safely leave your swimwear at home. Snowfall is relatively rare in the low-lying areas of western Switzerland (greater Geneva area) and northern Switzerland (greater Basel area) as well as in the lowland in the southern tip of Switzerland. Temperature by: Fahrenheit / Centigrade GENEVA 46 25 N, 6 13 E, 1364 feet (416 meters) above sea level. ZURICH. At a latitude of 47 North, the climate is moderate and generally agreeable. The climate of Switzerland is heavily influenced by the Atlantic Ocean. All Rights Reserved. It often gives rise to good weather and mild conditions lasting several days in Ticino. Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a country situated at the confluence of Western, Central, and Southern Europe. Climate: temperate, but varies with altitude; cold, cloudy, rainy/snowy winters; cool to warm, cloudy, humid summers with occasional showers. The deviations of the current climate values from the long-time average, the normal values, are additionally illustrated. At altitudes above 1200-1500 metres or so, precipitation in … All Year Climate & Weather Averages in Zürich. Temperature by: Fahrenheit / Centigrade LUGANO 46 0 N, 8 96 E, 905 feet (276 meters) above sea level. This content was published on Nov 13, 2018 Nov 13, 2018 Climate change is driving Switzerland towards drier and … The table below displays average monthly climate indicators in BERN based on 8 years of historical weather readings. Southern Switzerland is mainly affected by the Mediterranean Sea, where the climate differs from that of the north, most notably in its significantly milder winters. The northern part of central Switzerland and the southern foot of the Jura are particularly affected by this phenomenon. The dry air of the Bise causes low-lying fog to rise, and often, the stronger the Bise, the higher the upper border of the fog layer will be. The consequence of this is the relatively dry conditions throughout the year. The climate in Switzerland is moderate throughout the year though winters will seem severe to tourists from warmer climes. This tends to occur mostly along rivers and lakes as the air above these is very damp. Wind: 4 mph. 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